Turkey Ukraine Sign Military Cooperation Agreements

According to the Turkish Communications Directorate, Turkey signed a military framework agreement with Ukraine on Friday during Ukrainian President Vollodymyr Zelensky`s visit to Ankara. Serdar Huseyin Yildirim, head of The Turkish Space Agency, announced the Agreement on 4 December, which includes cooperation in technology deployment, satellite production, marketing and subsystem production, as well as a joint rocket launcher manufacturing programme. SSB President and Turkey`s most senior public procurement official Ismail Demir and Turkish Minister of Industry and Technology Mustafa Varank met with Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal on 30 November to discuss space and defence cooperation between the two countries. According to ukrinforme, a number of documents were signed on 16 October, including a military framework agreement between the Ukrainian and Turkish governments, following a meeting between the Ukrainian and Turkish presidents, Mr Zelensky and Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The document establishes a legal basis for the extension of bilateral military cooperation in 21 directions. Already in 2018, a historic agreement has been signed for the purchase of Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones by Ukraine. This may have laid the groundwork for the development of cooperation and had a confidence-building effect between two countries. Al-Monitor media reports say the two leaders` statements can hardly be downplayed as diplomatic clichés. The cooperation was signed and began immediately.

“Ukraine is now Turkey`s main partner in a range of military technologies such as turboprop and diesel engines, avionics, drones, cruise missiles, radar and surveillance systems, space and satellite technologies, active and passive robot systems,” the digital paper said. These materials should be added to various protection systems, thrusters and guidance systems. “Turkey sees Ukraine as a key country for stability, security, peace and prosperity in the region,” Erdogan said after the signing ceremony between the two Black Sea nations, which have strengthened military relations in recent years. Since the beginning of the year, Turkey has been moving closer to Ukraine, leaving the Russian authorities perplexed by signing new military cooperation agreements. The first reconciliations were made in February and, in August, cooperation relations with important defence industry projects were concluded. Zelenskiy said the agreements have opened the door to “new possibilities.” In August, Ukraine and Turkey signed a memorandum on cooperation between the Ukrainian Ministry of Strategic Industry and the Turkish Defence Industry Agency. This could call into question Russia`s position in the Black Sea and the Russian country`s disguised support for rebels in the war in eastern Ukraine. For its part, Ukraine will support engine development as part of the Turkish combat project TFX, launch a joint long-range drone programme and offer new opportunities for cooperation to Turkish state-owned enterprises TUSAS and Roketsan. The signing of the agreements is the fact that the conflict in the Nagorno-Karabakh Caucasus is weighing on Turkey`s relations with Russia. Turkey has supported Azerbaijan in the conflict, while Russia has a military base in Armenia and a security pact that requires Moscow to intervene in the event of an attack by its ally. According to Al-Monitor, Turkey needs a new aircraft to expand its military transport fleet, which includes aging aircraft like C-160.

Turkey`s recent military involvement in Libya and other conflict zones has highlighted the urgent need for a transport aircraft equipped with a jet engine, and the AN-178 aircraft from Ukraine has been considered an option.