Us Afghan Peace Agreement

The number of civilian casualties has decreased, but more because of a change in the centre of gravity of the fighting than any movement towards peace. The United Nations announced on 24 October that internal divisions within the Taliban have complicated the implementation of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and raised questions about the Taliban`s useful participation in intra-Afghan talks. Although the Taliban`s deputy leader, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, signed the agreement between the United States and the Taliban on behalf of the group, the Taliban are not a monolith. Many different political groups need to be recognized or considered in all negotiations. Some Taliban members have already refused to acknowledge the agreement and some may try to strengthen relations with the Islamic State in Chorasan. Given that some of these groups may not be willing to compromise, the prospect of further fragmentation within the movement could seriously hamper peace efforts. The statement on the group`s propaganda page was addressed to Biden and future U.S. governments that the withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Afghanistan would be in the interest of “our peoples and nations.” The group also expressed its commitment to the agreement. It was not known when a comprehensive ceasefire would come into force. The Afghan government has called on the Taliban to immediately cease their attacks, but the insurgents insist that they not lay down their arms until after a peace deal has been reached. Since the two sides first agreed to negotiations, the Talbans have intensified violence across Afghanistan, particularly against Afghan security forces. The agreement sets out four objectives, the last two being based on the status of the first two: allies and partners in the U.S.

coalition, as well as the United Nations Security Council and regional parties to the conflict, expressed support for the U.S.-Taliban agreement and the joint U.S.-Afghanistan declaration. However, given the uncertainty surrounding the U.S. timetable for troop withdrawal and the lifting of sanctions against the Taliban, concerns about the future of counterterrorism operations under these agreements, and the apparent resumption of the Taliban last year, these recent peace efforts in Afghanistan will be difficult to implement. But international and national observers of the Afghan peace process could not confirm that the Taliban had severed relations with Al Qaeda. According to a May 2020 UN report, the Taliban met with Al Qaeda several times in 2019 and early 2020 to coordinate “operational planning, training and provision of safe havens to Al Qaeda members in Afghanistan” by the Taliban. The United States also failed to create conditions for U.S. security if the peace process failed, the Taliban continued to fight, or the Taliban violated the terms of a peace it had previously approved. The United States no longer reports on the share of the branch and the number of other areas with effective national law enforcement and security agencies or effective district governments. Finally, despite the short ceasefire since the signing of the agreement, the Taliban appear to have intensified their military campaign against Afghan security forces. In June 2020, the Afghan government announced that Taliban attacks had increased by nearly 40% compared to the same period last year. In July, President Ghani warned that the persistence of heavy violence presented a serious challenge to the opening of negotiations, and the Afghan government said that more than 3,500 security forces had been killed since February. On the whole, it may be too late to do more than rely on the hope that the peace process will work in one way or another, despite the Taliban`s efforts to exploit the negotiations and their continued use of force.